Social and economic aspects of coffee trade.

Global commodity: Coffee is one of the most traded commodities in the world, with a global market that involves millions of farmers

Smallholder farmers: The majority of coffee is produced by smallholder farmers who rely on coffee cultivation

Complex supply chain: The coffee supply chain involves multiple stages, including cultivation, processing,

Fair trade principles: Fair trade certification aims to ensure fair prices, decent working conditions

Working conditions: In some regions, coffee farming involves labor-intensive practices, and working conditions can vary widely

Sustainability: Sustainable coffee farming practices aim to minimize environmental impact, conserve biodiversity

Price volatility: Coffee prices are subject to fluctuations influenced by supply and demand dynamics




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